Gajmukta - In Sanskrit Pearls are Called Mukta
1) Pearls have been considered from the earliest times among the most splendid gems. Pearl is composed of conchiolin and calcium carbonate. In Sanskrit pearls called “Mukta”. As in Indian earliest history pearls are dividing in nine categories:
1) Gaj-Mukta: This rarest pearl was found from head elephant.
2) Sarp-Mukta: This pearl was found from “Vasuki” Snakes. It’s of bluish shades.
3) Meen-Mukta: This type pearls found from fish stomach.
4) Bansh-Mukta: This pearls found from Bamboo tree.
5) Aakash-Mukta: This pearl fall from sky with rain drops.
6) Shankh-Mukta: Found from “Panchjanya”-Shell.
7) Megh-Mukta: This pearl fall from sky & its look like water drops.
8) Shukar-Mukta: These round yellowish pearls found in a kind of sea creature “Mother of Pearl”. Pearl is formed by saltwater oyster, some freshwater mussels, and more rarely by other shellfish. Pearls are globular, usually almost spherical cysts, which form inside the tissues of the mollusk. Sometimes, they are pear, egg, bean-shaped or display more pronounced irregularities consisting of roundish apophyges or even sharp crests. The colour is generally much the same as that of the inside of the oyster shell. Most pearls, therefore, are white with a touch of gray to yellowish gray-white, but they may be grayish, blackish or iridescent from gray to green – blue – violet and pink. Pearls assume every colour of rainbow. Pearls are composed of numerous, thin, concentric layers, which are deposited successively by the mollusk. To some extent, the older the pearl, the bigger it is, and the more numerous are the constituent layers. But in cultured pearls, which nowadays far outnumber the others, the inside consists of a spherical nucleus of mother-of-pearl, often taken from the shell of another mollusk, artificially shaped into a bead, but composed of flat, parallel layers, surrounded by a number of concentric layers of nacre deposited around it by the pearl producing mollusk.